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Book Sections Year : 2015



The concept of a sovereign Sikh State, Khalistan, was first formulated by a medical practitioner from Ludhiana, V.S. Bhatti, in 1940. Strategically as well as semantically, this concept was a mimetic, and simultaneous, response to the demand for Pakistan by the Muslim League. Pakistan and Khalistan both refer to a ‘land of the pure’; the latter term also refers to the Khalsa, founded by the last Sikh Guru, Gobind Singh (1666–1708), in 1699 (Singh 2004)...


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hal-03397980 , version 1 (22-10-2021)



Laurent Gayer. Khalistan. Key Concepts in Modern Indian Studies, Oxford University Press, pp.138 - 140, 2015, 9780199452750. ⟨hal-03397980⟩
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