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The euro is 20 – time to grow up


At age twenty, the euro has gone through a difficult adolescence. The success of the euro has not been aided by a series of problems: growing divergences; austerity policies with their real costs; the refusal in the centre to adopt expansionary policies to accompany austerity in the periphery countries, which would have minimized austerity’s negative impact, while supporting activity in the euro zone as a whole; and finally, the belated recognition of the need for intervention through a quantitative easing monetary policy that was adopted much later in Europe than in other major countries; and a fiscal stimulus, the Juncker plan, that was too little, too late. (First paragraph)
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hal-03457746 , version 1 (30-11-2021)



Jérôme Creel, Francesco Saraceno. The euro is 20 – time to grow up. 2019. ⟨hal-03457746⟩
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