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Journal Articles Journal of Experimental Political Science Year : 2017

Anxiety Reduces Empathy Toward Outgroup Members But Not Ingroup Members

Kevin Arceneaux

Abstract

Abstract Substantial research concludes that favoritism toward members of people's ingroup, or ingroup bias, motivates people to oppose public programs that assist needy outgroup individuals. I argue that a gap in the empathic capacity for ingroup and outgroup members motivates and maintains ingroup bias in helping behavior and is sensitive to contextual cues that trigger anxiety. Using a novel experimental design, Study 1 demonstrates that anxiety exacerbates the outgroup empathy gap. Study 2 replicates these findings with an explicit measure of outgroup empathy. Study 3 shows that the outgroup empathy gap causes individuals to become less supportive of helping needy outgroup members. These studies suggest that opposition to welfare programs may go beyond simple prejudice.
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Dates and versions

hal-03634164 , version 1 (07-04-2022)

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Kevin Arceneaux. Anxiety Reduces Empathy Toward Outgroup Members But Not Ingroup Members. Journal of Experimental Political Science, 2017, 4 (1), pp.68-80. ⟨10.1017/XPS.2017.12⟩. ⟨hal-03634164⟩

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