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General amnesty for all ‘René Cailliés’! Falsifying birth certificates and reforming legal identification in Côte d'Ivoire

Abstract : In Côte d'Ivoire, documentary falsification encompasses a wide variety of practices and situations, including fake birth certificates, locally known as ‘René Cailliés.’ Since the early 2000s, successive governments have tried to put things in order through civil registration reforms. Among many measures the Ouattara government has taken to fix this issue since the war, the adoption of a personal biometric identification number was presented as the key to a modernity free from the relics of corruption and nationality fraud. Yet this reform did not eliminate the logic of social intermediation and brokerage (margouillats). Aware of the strength of this stipendiary chain of production of fake documents, President Ouattara passed a new law granting amnesty to all the René Cailliés. In an irony of history, the government paradoxically legalized informality and forgery to implement its biometric project for modernizing the legal identity system.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03283920
Contributor : Spire Sciences Po Institutional Repository Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, July 12, 2021 - 11:44:26 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 28, 2022 - 3:50:02 PM

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Richard Banégas, Armando Cutolo, Souleymane Kouyate, William Snow. General amnesty for all ‘René Cailliés’! Falsifying birth certificates and reforming legal identification in Côte d'Ivoire. Séverine Awenengo Dalberto; Richard Banegas. Identification and Citizenship in Africa. Biometrics, the Documentary State and Bureaucratic Writings of the Self, Routledge, pp.122 - 126, 2021, 9781003053293. ⟨hal-03283920⟩

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