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Les horloges suspendues du futur : Les mondes de la science-fiction en Bulgarie et en Roumanie socialistes

Abstract : Time on hold: science fiction worlds in socialist Bulgaria and Romania
This article explores the socialist experiences of time in Bulgaria and Romania through the prism of literary science fiction, a genre inhabited with visions and wonders, which was also a site of discussion about the socialist presents. Envisioned through its producers, circulations, readership and amateur clubs, science fiction offers a vantage point on the interplay between political productions, literary thematizations and social experiences of time. The article also suggests the low relevance of East-West divisions in reconstructing the history of sensibilities and science or the debates over the planet’s future. The paper, however, shows that trans-bloc circulations of texts and knowledge followed different paths in Bulgaria and Romania; these routes were indeed shaped by the two countries’ respective ante-communist histories and different visions of the spatio-temporal direction of modernity. Beyond these contrasts, a survey of science fiction writings and publics suggests similar chronologies of socialist (dis)enchantment in both countries: to a rather confident projection into the future in the 1960s succeeded a generational, social and territorial diversification of visions of the present and future. However, the retreat to a distant nationalized past or an inaccessible future did not prevent science fiction clubs from providing, particularly in Bulgaria, a space for debate on a possibly reformed socialist future.
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Submitted on : Saturday, October 23, 2021 - 11:06:58 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 26, 2022 - 5:44:02 PM

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Nadège Ragaru, Antonela Capelle-Pogacean. Les horloges suspendues du futur : Les mondes de la science-fiction en Bulgarie et en Roumanie socialistes. Cahiers du Monde russe, 2015, 56 (1), pp.77 - 110. ⟨10.4000/monderusse.8167⟩. ⟨hal-03399225⟩

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