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Other Publications LIEPP Methods Brief / Fiches méthodologiques du LIEPP Year : 2023

Direct Observation and Ethnography


Direct observation or ethnography is a qualitative method that consists in directly observing the social situation under study-for example, the implementation of a public policy-implying a physical presence of the researcher in the situation at hand. It is a demanding method in terms of the commitment it requires (long-term physical presence in the field, systematic note-taking). It is particularly useful to account for the reality of practices and interactions, at a distance from official discourse.
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hal-04097828 , version 1 (15-05-2023)


Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives


  • HAL Id : hal-04097828 , version 1


Nicolas Fischer. Direct Observation and Ethnography. LIEPP Methods Brief n°8, 2023. ⟨hal-04097828⟩
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